The recent Wanna, also called WannaCry, ransomware attack once again highlighted the importance of cybersecurity and protecting online data and systems. In our 10 for 2017 report, we argue that such attacks are likely to increase in frequency and intensity making it prudent for investors to integrate cybersecurity risk management into their investment decision making processes. Understanding these risks is crucial since most companies provide poor visibility into their ability to proactively manage such threats.
While the ransomware primarily targeted a vulnerability within Windows, which Microsoft addressed earlier in the year through a software update, more than 200,000 computers in at least 150 countries were said to be affected, according to Europol. The Wanna malware used an exploit stolen from the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) to encrypt user hard drives and demand ransom in exchange for access to their own systems. It affected the U.K.’s National Health Service (NHS), Germany’s Deutsche Bahn rail system, automakers Nissan Motor Co. and Renault SA, PetroChina, FedEx Corp., targeting virtually every sector. In the case of the NHS in the UK, patients were relocated along with causing scheduled operations and treatments to be delayed.
One theme that emerges following this latest incident is that while this ransomware attack was relatively low in the number of systems affected, it targeted critical infrastructure sites such as hospitals and transportation agencies. According to the U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre, it is also possible for networks that have been compromised to go undetected and eventually spread the ransomware to other systems later. Given the growing focus on interconnecting systems through web based networks for improved operational efficiency, the impact and risks from such attacks are likely to increase for every sector.
This brings up the question, are companies prepared to deal with the unpredictable yet inevitable nature of cyberattacks? Our assessment of technology, media and telecommunications companies, which tend to have high exposure to cyberattacks and related risks, shows that most do not provide adequate guidance on how they are managing data privacy and security risks (see graph below). While there is no foolproof way to protect data, implementing best practices can often make a significant difference in mitigating impact. In some cases, it can be as simple as implementing regular enterprise software security updates, which was the case in the Wanna attack.
Assessment of Technology, Media and Telecommunications Companies' Data Privacy Policies in Percentages (n=713)
Source: Sustainalytics research
Effective data security requires policies that prioritize user privacy as well as information security management systems that have executive oversight. The stakes are even higher moving forward as regulations such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which imposes fines (up to 4% of global turnover) on companies that fail to secure user data, come into force. Considering these factors, companies and investors alike may find it prudent to prioritize data privacy and security issues as part of their ongoing risk assessment processes.
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