Skip to main content

What’s Happening in Sustainable Finance: Blue Bonds Make Waves, ‘Sleeping’ Sustainability-Linked Loans Raise Eyebrows, and More

Posted on September 29, 2022



Listen on your favorite player:


Episode Summary


  • Nicholas Gandolfo, Director, Corporate Solutions
  • Sabrina Tang, Sales Associate, Sustainable Finance Solutions

In this episode, Nick and Sabrina examine some of the interesting transactions and developments in the global sustainable finance market. Despite a general slowdown in the volume of issuances, there are still innovative transaction structures being proposed and sustainability-linked instruments (i.e., bonds and loans) continue to perform well. Green bonds continue to anchor the sustainable debt market, with several notable transactions in the blue bond space. Finally, audience questions are addressed, regarding clarity on whether sustainability-linked instruments can be structured in a program and the difference between social bonds and social impact bonds.

Blue Bonds Making Waves in Sustainable Finance

More corporate and sovereign issuers are exploring blue bonds to help finance their environmental conservation efforts. A blue bond is a debt instrument similar to a green bond, but with a focus on marine and ocean-based projects. In their market overview, Nick and Sabrina highlight blue bond proposals from the Securities and Exchange Board of India, the issuance of the first blue bond in Japan, and blue bond-related activities in Indonesia. The protection and conservation of oceans, waterways, and the life within them is essential for both business and society.  

"Sleeping Sustainability-Linked Loans: A Concern for the Sustainable Finance Market?

Nick notes the emergence of “sleeping” sustainability-linked loans, in which companies seek to build into their conventional loan documentation the ability to convert to an SLL at a later date. The key performance indicators (KPIs) and sustainability performance targets (SPTs) are also set at a later date. These types of loans are raising concerns among market participants around transparency, as its important to make sure that SLLs are not labelled as such until they have KPI and SPTs in place. The credibility of sustainability-linked instruments and sustainability washing is an area of evolving interest and scrutiny in the market.

As defined by the Sustainability-Linked Loan Principles, SLLs “incentivize the borrower’s achievement of ambitious, predetermined sustainability performance objectives.” Sustainability performance is measured using predefined sustainability performance targets (SPTs), as measured by predefined key performance indicators (KPIs). It is also recommended that borrowers and lenders have the appropriateness of the SPTs, and the methodology applied to assess them, reviewed by an external party as a condition preceding the loan.

Details of U.S. Inflation Reductions Act Show Promise for Renewables

The recently passed Inflation Reduction Act in the United States aims to control inflation by reducing the deficit, lowering prescription drug prices, and investing in domestic energy. A key component of this last goal is the promotion of clean energy. This legislation will result in the biggest infrastructure spend on renewables in recent history, hopefully setting the tone for the future. Government stimulus like this could be significant in paving the way for more rapid acceleration towards net zero. 

Key Moments

0:01:29 Market overview
0:01:29 CBI half-year market review
0:02:44 Major issuance locations - China, Germany, Netherlands, U.S., France
0:03:58 U.S. Infrastructure Reduction Act good sign for renewables
0:04:58 Nuclear popping up
0:05:10 ESG increasingly being linked to remuneration
0:05:32 More green taxonomies being developed
0:05:56 Sustainability being integrated into leveraged loan market
0:06:19 China Green Bond Standard
0:06:36 Diversifying nature of sustainable bonds across Asia
0:06:55 "Sleeping” sustainability-linked loans on the market
0:07:58 SLB overview
0:11:28 SLL overview
0:15:48Audience questions
0:22:00Green bonds overview
0:28:16Green loans overview
0:29:21 Social bonds and loans overview
0:31:13 Labeled products overview
0:33:24 Transition bonds overview
0:33:32 Regulatory and country updates


Links to Select Resources

      Recent Content

      The SEC’s New Rules on Climate

      This episode of ESG in Conversation dives into the SEC’s new climate disclosure rules and what they mean for companies and investors.

      ESG in Conversation: The AI Revolution Comes to ESG

      Learn how AI technology is being leveraged in the world of ESG research and analysis in our latest episode.

      ESG in Conversation: Asset Owners Share Their Views on the Changing Investment Landscape

      Tune in to learn about asset owners’ views on ESG investing, discover what major food companies can do to reduce their rising emissions, and find out whether companies are ready for CSRD.

      ESG in Conversation: Combatting Greenwashing in Financial Markets

      We’re talking all about greenwashing this episode. What is it? How can asset managers spot it? And what can they do to steer clear in their portfolios and investment products?